Gunite Pool Construction Process

What is Gunite?

Gunite pools are very durable pools that can be designed in any shape or form. With no wooden framework needed to hold the pool basin shape, the gunite models have gained in popularity among homeowners who want a long-lasting, customizable pool. Below are their top characteristics.

The Benefits of Gunite Pools


While the construction quality will affect the pool’s durability, some of the factors that impact the process are out of the developer’s hands, like the outside temperature when the pool is constructed for instance. So more often, gunite pools are constructed during the temperate seasons when temperature won’t have a negative effect on the curing time. Additionally, as the sand and concrete mixture is sprayed over the rebar framework, the shell forms a sturdy structure that’s held tightly in place by the frame.


Customization is another great advantage to opting for the gunite pool. It can be created in any size or form – exactly how the consumer wants it. In fact, there is no need for modification of the landscape. The pool is designed to fit the landscape you already have.

Design Flexibility

As you can imagine, if the form and shape are easily customizable, the design flexibility doesn’t have much of a limit. The gunite pool can be modified and customized to the extent of your imagination. From extra water features and spas to underwater benches, barstools, etc., you can choose from a variety of amenities if there’s enough space.


The longevity goes hand in hand with the durability of the pool. While there are different types of pools on the market today, the gunite pools have the longest life and are served with the best warranties. And yes, they might be a little more expensive to construct, but when you see the years of usage, that number is not that high anymore.

The Gunite Pool Construction Process

Design and Planning

During the planning phase, the designer will communicate with you about the lot size, topography, and underground utilities, as well as any potential property setbacks or easements you are aware of. Of course, the budget here plays a big role as well. Pool shape and style are also discussed during this planning stage. And, this is the perfect time to mention the wish for any water features, planter beds, etc.


Before digging, the pool shape is painted and stacked in the yard for better visibility. Some excavators will dig the pool, while others use a skid-steer loader. Nevertheless, just a few hours are needed to get the rough shape. And while the dirt can be transported outside of the property, you can always decide to keep it on the property, especially if you want to add a retaining wall.

Plumbing and Electrical

With all the drawing and digging out of the way, the actual construction begins. The pool hole is reinforced with steel rebar, which acts as a skeleton that provides structural support for the pool shell. During this process, the plumbers set all the lines and drains in place. Plus, the electricians connect the bonding wires to the shell and hang the pool light niches.

Tile and Coping

With the gunite pool shell drying, it is time to install the tile capstones. Usually, this is a one-day process – with the help of a wet saw, a uniform joint around the pool perimeter is created, bringing the construction process to its final stages.

Plaster or Finish

The final phase is left for plastering the pool’s surface. This represents a waterproof layer that protects the pool steel and shell while giving a smooth, luminescent layer. It is always interesting to watch how a plaster crew works, as they move rather quickly, and if it consists of 4-5 people, the job can be done in just 3-4 hours. They leave the premises while the pool is filling with water. As it is recommended to fill it as fast as possible, feel free to add some extra hoses inside if you can.


How long does it take to build a gunite pool?

Compared to some other types of pools, gunite pools do not require extra excavation, the patio can be started quickly, and the water goes in the moment the plaster is applied. So based on outside temperature and contractors, six to eight weeks is all it takes for complete installation.

How do I maintain a gunite pool?

Gunite pools should always be kept clean and ready for usage. Luckily, the maintenance is simple, thus, you could easily do it on your own. You want to clear the debris, and the interior, and clean the filters. Also, make sure to always check for leaks, and test the chemicals in the water and the water level.

Can I remodel or renovate my existing gunite pool?

No matter the type or size of the pool, most of the swimming pools can be adjusted, expanded, and renovated just like your home. All you need to do is have the appropriate space for the upgrade, and of course, the budget.

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